Palatium : Court Residences as places of exchange in Late Medieval and Early Modern Europe 1400 - 1700

PALATIUM e-Publications

Series Editors: Krista De Jonge and Pieter Martens

Volume 3   Virtual Palaces, Part II
Volume 2   Virtual Palaces, Part I
Volume 1   The Habsburgs and their Courts in Europe, 1400-1700


Volume 3


Virtual Palaces, Part II 

Lost Palaces and their Afterlife
Virtual Reconstruction between Science and Media

Edited by Stephan Hoppe and Stefan Breitling
ISBN 978-94-6018-538-0
305 pages
Table of Contents


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This volume deals with digital reconstructions and visualizations of palaces, castles, and other kinds of residential architecture of the early modern period. It focuses not so much on the digital modelling of extant buildings, but rather on the virtual reconstruction of ‘lost’ buildings – in particular of palaces destroyed or drastically altered, or which were never actually built in the first place.

These diverse case studies presented here explore a range of approaches and methods of using virtual reconstructions as tools for both scientific research and dissemination to a wider public. They address problems such as the visualization of uncertainties, the dynamic modelling of a building’s evolution through time, and the use of digital reconstructions as repositories of data and knowledge.

The numerous digital models and associated images discussed in this volume display an enormous variety in terms of the underlying technology, data conceptualization and visual style. Such adaptability means that this new medium finds considerable application in architectural history and related disciplines. It also means that digital reconstructions ought to be regarded as cultural products and therefore become objects of scholarly research in their own right.

The thirteen papers collected in this volume were first presented at the PALATIUM workshop Virtual Palaces, Part II held in Munich in April 2012.

Contributors: Stefan Breitling, Martin Buba, Tom Chandler, Krista De Jonge, Jan Fuhrmann, Alexandra Gago da Câmara, Marc Grellert, Franziska Haas, Sven Havemann, Stephan Hoppe, Peter Heinrich Jahn, Thomas Köhler, Dominik Lengyel, Piet Lombaerde, Ana Catarina G. Lopes, Heike Messemer, Sander Münster, Helena Murteira, Marc Muylle, Martin Polkinghorne, Paulo Rodrigues, Michael Rykl, Christian Seitz, Catherine Toulouse, Markus Wacker, Olaf Wagener, Dirk Welich.


Volume 2


Virtual Palaces, Part I 

Digitizing and Modelling Palaces

Edited by Pieter Martens
ISBN 978-94-6018-482-6
90 pages
Table of Contents


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This volume explores the potential role of virtual models for scientific research on historic palaces. The rise of digital surveying and modelling techniques has revolutionized the ways in which historic buildings such as court residences can be studied. These new techniques offer unprecedented opportunities for architectural historians but also lead to new challenges.

One challenge is the reliability and verifiability of the data that is used to make digital models, whether surveys of extant buildings or reconstructions of lost buildings. Another is the use of virtual palaces as research instruments in their own right – not just to communicate results to the wider public, but as genuine research tools that help visualize and clarify hypotheses about issues such as construction phases or the spaces’ ceremonial use.

The papers in this volume offer multidisciplinary case studies that focus on the surveying, recording, digitizing and modelling of extant palaces in their present state. They also look at the possible uses of the resulting digital models as instruments for further research and as vehicles for the preservation and propagation of knowledge.

The five papers collected in this volume were first presented at the PALATIUM workshop Virtual Palaces, Part I held in Leuven in November 2011.

Contributors: Anca Bratuleanu, Raffaella Brumana, Branka Cuca, Stefano D’Avino, Krista De Jonge, Livio De Luca, Pieter Martens, Giovanni Mataloni, João Neto, Maria Neto, Daniela Oreni, Hafizur Rahaman, Md Mizanur Rashid, Noémie Renaudin, Bertrand Rondot, Ricardo Silva.


Volume 1


The Habsburgs and their Courts in Europe, 1400–1700 

Between Cosmopolitism and Regionalism

Edited by Herbert Karner, Ingrid Ciulisová and Bernardo J. García García
ISBN 978-94-6018-483-3
349 pages
Table of Contents


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This volume examines the architecture and culture at the various courts of one of Europe’s most important royal dynasties, the Habsburgs. It looks for a specific Habsburg idiom in the sphere of princely representation at the courts in Madrid, Brussels, Vienna, Prague, Bratislava and Budapest, and contrasts the supranational features of this dynastic identity to its regional incarnations.

The nucleus of princely representation was the court residence. Hence the Habsburgs’ official apartments are studied in relation to their court ceremony, to see if a unifying model was adopted in the different palaces in Brussels, Madrid and Central Europe. The supranational dynastic identity developed by the Habsburgs is then compared with local forms of identity, as articulated by the nobility in Bohemia, Hungary and Poland. This shows how the palaces and their decoration also expressed loyalty to the traditions of the homeland, so-called Landespatriotismus.

Other essays discuss how the specific religious practices of the Habsburgs, known as Pietas Austriaca, affected the art, culture and architecture of the different courts, and particularly the structure and function of their sacred spaces. The final section examines manifestations of the Habsburgs’ self-representation as ‘defenders of the Faith’ against the Muslims in Spain and Central Europe, as well as other ‘Turkish’ echoes in palatial art in Spain and Austria.

The seventeen papers collected in this volume were first presented at the PALATIUM conference The Habsburgs and their Courts in Europe held in Vienna in December 2011.

Contributors: Pál Ács, Jan Bazant, Annick Born, Ingrid Ciulisová, Krista De Jonge, Dagmar Eichberger, Bernardo J. García García, Ilaria Hoppe, Annemarie Jordan Gschwend, Herbert Karner, Eva-Bettina Krems, Bruno Meier, Ivan Prokop Muchka, Milton Pedro Dias Pacheco, Nicole Riegel, Larry Silver, Madelon Simons, Andrea Sommer-Mathis, Cezary Taracha, Werner Telesko, Catherine Wilkinson Zerner.


Forthcoming e-Publications

  • Volume 4
    Looking for Leisure. Court Residences and their Satellites, 1400-1700
    Edited by Sylva Dobalová and Ivan P. Muchka, assisted by Sarah Lynch (2016)
    ISBN 978-80-86890-71


Session Proceedings

Papers of the PALATIUM session at EAHN Brussels 2012:
Court Residences in Early Modern Europe (1400-1700). Architecture, Ceremony, and International Relations
Edited by Konrad Ottenheym and Stephan Hoppe
in: Proceedings of the 2nd International Conference of the European Architectural History Network, Brussels 31 May - 2 June 2012, ed. Hilde Heynen, Janina Gosseye, Brussels: Koninklijke Vlaamse Academie van België, 2012, pp. 65-84.
ISBN 978-90-6569-1026

Papers of the PALATIUM session at EAHN Turin 2014:
Fortified Palaces in Early Modern Europe 1400-1700
Edited by Pieter Martens, Konrad Ottenheym and Nuno Senos
in: Investigating and Writing Architectural History: Subjects, Methodologies and Frontiers. Papers from the Third EAHN International Meeting, ed. Michela Rosso, Turin: Politecnico di Torino, 2014, pp. 33-91.
ISBN 978-88-8202-0484